Who here never felt torn about letting your son play computer game for longer than he should? Or how about letting your daughter catch up on a few hours of her favorite TV program while you get dinner ready or help your old son who struggles with math homework?
There is no doubt that children’s use of technology is a hot-button issue. As parents, we tend to have a more conservative approach. But as online media continues to evolve, educators are the ones particularly interested in how technology impacts children’s learning.
YouTube is one of the most popular places for kids to engage in digital media. In fact, since its inception in 2005, it’s been used by millions of people around the world. Kids use it for just about anything, including entertainment, education, even professional development.
And, yes, like any digital media, the use of YouTube can be a gray area in the classroom. But as a former teacher, I attest that educators are skilled at balancing its resources while creating limitations on its usage.
Teachers have been creative developing strategies to bridge gaps between school curriculum and their students, such as using YouTube to help students who struggle with academics.
As this research by Mullen & Wedwick explains, teachers make good use of YouTube videos, digital storytelling, blogs, and other online resources to create a rich learning environment. By creating diverse strategies for the needs of each student, they complement classroom content. Not only that, but through the use of online videos, children are able to learn songs, write songs of their own, and use the songs as mnemonics while growing their literacy skills.
My favorite part is, because children are free to create with the tools, digital storytelling and YouTube bring endless possibilities.
How YouTube and Digital Storytelling Work Together
In digital storytelling, your child can bring stories to life through various multimedia tools.
First, they draft a script. Then they develop the personalities of the characters who will be part of their story. Finally, they use pictures or sketches to create a storyboard.
When using media to create and manipulate their stories, characters, and settings, kiddos have fun learning. They can use software to create sound effects and record narrations while giving voice to their characters. Video-editing software such as Movie Maker (Microsoft) or iMovie (Apple) are frequently used for these tasks.
On YouTube, your children can watch educational videos to reinforce what they learn. They can upload their own stories to YouTube to encourage others to engage with their stories. Preteens and teens can engage in discussion by commenting on the videos.
Teachers have found positive results with this approach as invaluable instrument to help children build vocabulary and grammar skills, foster creativity, and improve writing skills. And as parents, you can do too.
Digital Storytelling and the Creative Mind of a Third Grader
Once, I had the pleasure to work with a creative third grader over the course of a semester in a digital storytelling research project. His name is Dillan. Dillan was interested in reading and writing comics and found ideas for his stories from television shows, books, and YouTube videos.
Through my rich interaction with Dillan, this is what I found:
- How We Improved Language Development
- How We Built Visual Literacy
- How We Increased Critical Thinking
Dillan liked to read Bionicle books and watched the series on YouTube to find inspiration for his stories. This series features sci-fi, cartoon-style books, and online stories children post of their pretend play with Bionicle action figures.
Bionicle books gave Dillan inspiration to create his own characters and the videos influenced the development of his stories.
That gave Dillan the ability to use vocabulary words in different ways. In his videos, he incorporated words from everyday life such as nuts, fix, snap, and cool. But while weaving the stories, Dillan learned how to use the words in a different context.
If your child is like Dillan, when they engage with a rich learning environment that offers meaningful context for learning, they build vocabulary and sharpen language skills.
If used the right way, YouTube and digital storytelling can become powerful tools for the development of language, especially in reading and writing.
A research by Skiba shows that digital stories and YouTube can be also valuable tools to build students´ visual literacy. The use of animation or “visual in motion” on digital stories and YouTube facilitates encoding—especially for visual learners.
Based on the YouTube videos, Dillan created his stories following the structure of the sci-fi and superhero cartoons, with plots about revenge, victory, saving the world, and peace. He also used the animation on those videos to create his characters.
While working on digital stories, Dillan sometimes repeated their dialogues in his writings. And I’m sure that at some point, you have seen your kid acting the same way.
Like Dillan, when your child emulates the characters in digital media or incorporates elements of what they see in their homework, drawing, or creative play, that supports the literature findings. When children interact with the content in a meaningful way, they become active learners.
In post-creation, Dillan showed a good level of listening accuracy and a high level of comprehension during discussion. He remembered events in the story and the reasons why they happened.
Araujo explains that students can better their skills in reading and writing when they discuss literature through stories. When a teacher talks with students about what they see in the stories and tests them for comprehension, students build on their knowledge and improve their critical thinking skills.
That is the same mechanism you use when you read out loud to your kid and prompt them with questions as you move along the stories to get them engaged.
Although the Academy of Pediatrics’ recommendations for children’s media screening varies by age and type of media, according to a study by Christopher Ferguson of Stetson University, it doesn’t have to be too restrictive. Media use can bring great results when used purposefully and with guidance.
Digital media use shouldn’t be restricted to the classroom alone. Parents, teachers and caregivers can make great use of those tools to provide enriched learning opportunities. Free apps such as Toontastic or Sock Puppets (this one is only available in the iOS version) can help kids transition from writing to building their own stories. I recommend the use of YouTube Kids, which blocks inappropriate content that might be found on the regular YouTube channel. Commonsense Media has created a guide to help in this decision.
In the end, we all play a role in modeling healthy ways to work with digital tools. The key is to provide the right tools to make this happen.